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Orchids are among the most beautiful and delicate flowers, ethereal on their looks and notorious as hard to grow plants.

They are perceived as delicate and demanding but in many cases that isn’t true.
Home gardeners can achieve growing these beauties with moderate effort in many cases.

Most orchids need a relatively warm environment, so about 60 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit is the best temperature for them and some moisture or humidity in the air will help them along nicely.

The National Orchid Gardens in Singapore
The National Orchid Gardens in Singapore

Visit the official singapore orchid garden website here.

12 to 14 hours of light daily and protection from the direct sunlight is a necessity as well as some reasonable air circulation. In many cases the bathroom, provided there is some sort of light that is suitable, will be a wonderful environment for your orchids.

Terrestial orchids grow in the ground and most are hardy enough to be grown outdoors even in the north, although not the extreme north.

Tropical orchids do tend to be tender and their roots will thrive in organic matter such as lodged in tree limbs or rocks and exposed to air.

Either can be grown inside, with a bit of care and attention to detail.

An Hawaiian Orchid Garden
An Hawaiian Orchid Garden

Terrestial Orchids

Plant these specimens in environments that mimic their natural one, such as outdoors, under trees and in woodlands, or if planted inside, then terrariums may be the idea solution to their need for moisture and added heat.
The best choices for outside terrestial orchids are the grass pink orchid, calypso orchid or lady slipper orchid. Provide all of these with mulch coverings during winter months.

NEVER collect terrestial orchids from the wild. In many cases and in most states plants such as these are protected by law and in fact will not transplant well. You may well have killed the plant. You can however collect the seeds from the wild orchids, and if you do so, take about 10 to 20 percent of the seed and leave the rest so that the orchids will continue to reseed themselves and propagate.

White Violet Orchid Flowers
White Violet Orchid Flowers

Tropical Orchids

Pot tropicals in a special medium that will allow them to drain quickly and allow for good air circulation. They will not survive in typical potting soil such as is used on potted plants, as they require more air to the roots than normal plants do.

Orchid fiber for potting may include fir bark, moss, tree fern, perlite and charcoal.
Use plastic pots that have drainage holes in the bottom, as clay pots will permit the plant to dry out too rapidly.
For the best blooms, you will want to fertilize with orchid specific fertilizer about every three weeks.

Orchids love humidity, so set them on top of a tray of damp stones or pebbles keeping the bottom of the pot out of the water each day, or you can mist them lightly each morning.

Never permit your orchid to become soggy, but make sure that it stays evenly damp. Water every few days in summertime, while indoors they may require more often.. daily during summer and every day or so during winter.

Repot your orchids every two years, assuring that the plant has stopped flowering before you transplant it.

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