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» Installing Decorative Moldings

How Did I Do It? > Home & Garden > Installing Decorative Moldings
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Moldings come in a wide array of styles, textures and colors. There are now even moldings that are covered in decorative paper or fabric to match or coordinate with your wall covering or paint.

Adding a decorative molding can really help to improve a room, making the ceilings look higher, the room itself look larger or divide the rooms when you want to decorate a single wall that has no separator wall, with two distinct colors.

Finger jointed molding is a great deal less expensive than seamless molding, however if you plant on staining then you will need the seamless

To install your molding, the tools you are going to need are:

Measuring tape
Level
Hammer
Nail set
4-, 6- and 8-penny finish nails
Drill, with drill bits
Miter saw
Coping saw
Primer
Paintbrush
Base molding
Shoe molding
Window molding
Crown molding
Crown corner molding
Wooden shims of various sizes
Putty knife
Wood putty
Safety glasses

Measure your window and door casings to determine exactly how much molding you are going to need to accomplish the job.
A little time saver will be to stain or paint your molding prior to hangiung it, which will also save the drop cloth and taping mess as it can usually be done outdoors.

FOR THE DOOR MOLDING:

*Measure your molding for the door sides and miter the tops at about a 45 degree angle.
*Attach it wtih the four penny nails on your inside edges and the six penny ones on the outside
*Measure between the top edges of the two sides and cut a top piece that is that exact size
fit the top piece exactly and nail it into place
*Keep the miter joints secured with four penny nails through the top
*Drive all nail heads below the surface by taking a second nail and placing it on top of the one holding the molding in place, then tap it with your hammer to put it just below the wood surface. Then you will take spackle and fill the tiny holes that the nails made.


WINDOW TRIMMING

The windows will be a bit more of a challenge because they have four aspects, the sill, the apron below the sill, the casing and the jam that is between the frame and the inside wall.

Start with the sill, that will make the ledge at the windows bottom. Use good quality wood, and cut the sill to its correct size, notching the ends so that it will fit securely.
You might need to create shims to make sure that it fits tightly.
Keep that in place with the 8 penny nails.

Next you’re going to install the top extension and make sure that it fits tightly against the window trims, which amy also require shims.

Use finishing nails to put the side pieces in place, which you will want to make a width that will assure they are flush with your walls.

Install the window casings the same way that you did the door ones, starting on the sides and then working up to the top.
Cut the apron to the same length as the portion that makes up the outer sill, and starting with the sides work to the top piece.

Wall and Floors Molding

All along the floors, all walls should be trimmed with baseboards or molding. This is imperative not only for decorative aspects but also to block the flow of air under the walls, which is lost to the inner wall if not kept inside the room by a tight fitting baseboard. This is particularly true in mobile homes.
In some areas you will want to use two pieces of molding, a painted baseboard and then a molding that will match the flooring.
Measure the walls, and then begin cutting baseboard to size.
For the inside corners, most will take two forty five degree cuts, however if they are not square, then one piece of molding will need to be cut at a 90 degree anger and trim the other piece to fit with the coping saw.
Secure this with the six penny nails.

You will also use this approach to do the chair rails.

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